Do you have red fruit growing on tall bushes or trees in your back yard? Not sure if they’re edible?
Here’s are some red berries/cherries you might have growing in your backyard.
These are nanking cherries and they are edible and delicious (if you don’t mind a little tartness). They grow on bushes that can grow 6 feet tall x 6 feet wide. The blossoms are pink and like other cherry blossoms, will bloom in early spring, before any leaves have come out. The leaves are deeply veined, pointed and light green. The cherries grow on almost non-existent stems and are about 1/2 inch. They’re bright red and ready to harvest at the end of July. The longer they’re left on the bush, the sweeter they get. They’re excellent for juice and jelly.
These are a bush honeysuckle and they are NOT edible, which is just as well because they’re not tasty at all! Bush honeysuckles are dense, upright shrubs that can grow 3 to 10 feet. The leaves are a bluish-green and grow in alternate pairs. The small fruit, which goes from green to orange to red, grows on stems in pairs.
These are pin cherries and they are edible. Pin cherries are not commonly planted in backyards, but they can be found across the prairies in parks, along river banks and in other undisturbed areas where there is plenty of sunlight. Pin cherries grow on straight, small trees or tall shrubs which are between 15- 30 feet. The bark on young trees is smooth, with a dark reddish-brown, varnished appearance. Pin cherries grow on long stems and are quite small at about 1/4 inch. They are bright red and make excellent juice and jelly.
These are Evans cherries and they are edible and delicious. This is a popular sour cherry that was cultivated in Edmonton, AB. They grow on trees that can reach 15 feet. The leaves are a dark green with serrated edges. The cherries are 3/4 inches, bright red and tart. If you’re patient, the cherries will get sweeter and turn a darker red when left on the tree longer. They are typically ripe in August. Because of their bigger size they’re excellent for pies, baking, canning, freezing, juice or jelly.
If you’re not sure about what’s growing in your backyard, take a sample of the leaves, the fruit and a picture of the whole shrub/tree to your local nursery. They should be able to help you identify what kind of plant you have and whether or not you can dig in and enjoy or leave the fruit for the birds.